Close
Help




JOURNAL

Environmental Health Insights

175,208 Journal Article Views | Journal Analytics

A Picture of the Healthful Food Environment in Two Diverse Urban Cities

Submit a Paper



Publication Date: 21 Jul 2010

Type: Original Research

Journal: Environmental Health Insights

Citation: Environmental Health Insights 2010:4 49-60

doi: 10.4137/EHI.S3594

Abstract

Background: Local food environments influence fresh produce purchase and consumption, and previous research has found disparities in local food environments by income and ethnicity. Other existing studies have begun to quantify the distribution of food sources, but there has been limited attention to important features or types of healthful food that are available or their quality or cost. Two studies assessed the type, quantity, quality and cost of healthful food from two diverse urban cities, Kansas City, Kansas and Missouri and Honolulu, Hawaii, and evaluated differences by neighborhood income and ethnic composition.

Method: A total of 343 food stores in urban neighborhoods were assessed using the one-page Understanding Neighborhood Determinants of Obesity (UNDO) Food Stores Assessment (FSA) measuring healthful foods. US Census data were used to define median household income and ethnic minority concentration.

Results: In Study 1, most low socioeconomic status (SES), high ethnic minority neighborhoods had primarily convenience, liquor or small grocery stores. Quality of produce was typically lower, and prices of some foods were more than in comparison neighborhoods. In Study 2, low SES neighborhoods had more convenience and grocery stores. Farmers’ markets and supermarkets had the best produce availability and quality, and farmers’ markets and pharmacies had the lowest prices.

Conclusions: Messages emphasizing eating more fruits and vegetables are not realistic in urban, low SES, high ethnic concentration neighborhoods. Farmers’ markets and supermarkets provided the best opportunities for fresh produce. Increasing access to farmers’ markets and supermarkets or reducing prices could improve the local food environment.


Downloads

PDF  (612.61 KB PDF FORMAT)

RIS citation   (ENDNOTE, REFERENCE MANAGER, PROCITE, REFWORKS)

BibTex citation   (BIBDESK, LATEX)

XML






What Your Colleagues Say About Environmental Health Insights
As a peer reviewer for Environmental Health Insights, I have had the opportunity to read several very important research articles in my field.  Based on my experience, the submission process, review standards, and publication expectations are rigorous and demanding as other high impact journals.  I look forward to further reviewing papers for Environmental Health Insights and learning from my peers and other leaders in the field.
Dr Jianbo Jiang (Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA )
More Testimonials

Quick Links


New article and journal news notification services