Tigecycline is the first of a new class of antibiotics named glycylcyclines and is active in vitro against a variety of gram-positive and gram-negative organisms, including nosocomial resistant pathogens such as vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, and multidrug-resistant-Acinetobacter spp. This medication has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI), complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI) and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. Tigecycline’s pharmacological and microbiological profile has also encouraged physicians’ to use the drug in other infections caused by resistant pathogens featuring limited therapeutics options (i.e. hospital-acquired pneumonia-HAP). In this study we publish the conclusions of an expert panel that identify and evaluate the evidence to support the use of Tigecycline in hospitalized patients with one of the following three infections: cSSSI, cIAI and HAP, including ventilator-associated pneumonia. Based on this data the panel developed an Algorithm Rational to Prescribe Tigecycline (ART) for each pathology.
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