Close
Help




JOURNAL

Clinical Medicine Insights: Geriatrics

37,076 Journal Article Views | Journal Analytics

Differences in Exercise Performance and Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Older Men and Women

Submit a Paper



Publication Date: 08 May 2008

Journal: Clinical Medicine Insights: Geriatrics

Citation: Clinical Medicine: Geriatrics 2008:1 9-15

Andrew W. Gardner1,2 and Polly S. Montgomery1,2

1CMRI Metabolic Research Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK. 2Department of Medicine, Division of Gerontology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD.

Abstract

Purposes:  (a) To compare exercise performance and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) between older men and women, (b) to assess the relationship between exercise performance and LTPA, and (c) to determine whether group differences in exercise performance persist after controlling for LTPA.

Methods:  A total of 105 women and 155 men who were 65 years of age and older participated in this study. Subjects were characterized on exercise performance by a 6-minute walk test, and by a short physical performance battery (SPPB) consisting of a repeated chair rise test, a standing balance test, and a 4-meter walk test. Additionally, LTPA was assessed using the Minnesota LTPA questionnaire.

Results:  Women had a 7% lower SPPB value (P<0.001), a 12% shorter 6-minute walk distance (P<0.001), and a 28% lower LTPA value (P<0.011) than the older men. LTPA was signi´Čücantly related (P<0.01) to both SPPB and 6-minute walk distance in the older men and women. Group differences in SPPB and 6-minute walk distance between older men and women were no longer present (P>0.05) after controlling for LTPA.

Conclusions:  Older women have impaired exercise performance and lower LTPA compared to older men. Furthermore, sex differences in exercise performance no longer exist after controlling for LTPA.


Downloads

PDF  (217.70 KB PDF FORMAT)

RIS citation   (ENDNOTE, REFERENCE MANAGER, PROCITE, REFWORKS)

BibTex citation   (BIBDESK, LATEX)






What Your Colleagues Say About Libertas Academica
I would like to express my gratitude and say that publishing in LA's journals is one of the best experiences I have had.  I will certainly continue with LA's journals in the future.  the unique feature of this publisher is that it provides a research platform for all young researchers.  Thank you for providing a sustainable publishing environment for us.
Dr Syed Wasif Gillani (Lecturer and Researcher, Discipline of Clinical Pharmacy, USM, Malaysia)
More Testimonials

Quick Links


New article and journal news notification services