Salla Suomi1,5, Hanna Taipaleenmäki2,5, Anne Seppänen1, Tommi Ripatti3,4, Kalervo Väänänen1, Teuvo Hentunen1, Anna-Marja Säämänen2 and Tiina Laitala-Leinonen1
1Bone Biology Research Consortium, Department of Anatomy, 2Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Turku, FI-20520, Finland. 3Department of Molecular Medicine, National Public Health Institute of Finland. 4Genome Informatics Unit, Biomedicum Helsinki, FI-00290, Finland. 5These authors contributed equally to this work.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNAs that bind to target mRNA leading to translational arrest or mRNA degradation. To study miRNA-mediated regulation of osteogenesis and chondrogenesis, we compared the expression of 35 miRNAs in osteoblasts and chondroblasts derived from mouse marrow stromal cells (MSCs). Differentiation of MSCs resulted in up- or downregulation of several miRNAs, with miR-199a expression being over 10-fold higher in chondroblasts than in undifferentiated MSCs. In addition, miR-124a was strongly upregulated during chondrogenesis while the expression of miR-96 was substantially suppressed. A systems biological analysis of the potential miRNA target genes and their interaction networks was combined with promoter analysis. These studies link the differentially expressed miRNAs to collagen synthesis and hypoxia, key pathways related to bone and cartilage physiology. The global regulatory networks described here suggest for the ﬁrst time how miRNAs and transcription factors are capable of ﬁ ne-tuning the osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of mouse MSCs.
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